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McCloud Services’ fumigation programs, designed specifically for your facility, protect human health, provide food safety and brand protection, and eliminate pest infestations. Based on fumigation management planning, our fumigations are designed and performed to limit your exposure to risk and liability. At McCloud Services, safety is our number one priority.
With more than 60 years of experience performing fumigations in food plants, grain facilities, trailers, rail cars, and other structures, McCloud Services has developed a market-leading reputation for providing consistent, reliable, and high quality service to our clients.
Preparation of the treatment site is typically initiated during your normal operations and won’t interfere with your processing. The remaining preparation is finalized after the plant has formally ceased all normal business activities. All building preparation, such as sealing openings, doors, roof vents, etc., is performed by McCloud Services. Signs are posted on all entrances announcing that entry to these areas is prohibited. Secondary locks are used where needed to prevent unauthorized entry into the treated space.
McCloud Services fumigations include fumigation management plans, as required. A Fumigation Management Plan (FMP) is an organized, written description of the required steps involved to help ensure a safe, legal, and effective fumigation.
Weather permitting, the exterior perimeter of the building is treated with an approved residual insect management material. This material is applied with power spray or backpack-type application equipment to assist in the prevention of insects from entering the facility post fumigation.
All fumigated spaces must be cleared prior to re-entry or transfer of fumigated commodities. An aeration and clearing plan is formulated prior to the introduction of the fumigant. Your licensed fumigator tests fumigated spaces using suitable clearance devices for all on-site fumigations. Only when levels are within the accepted range, will the fumigated site or conveyance be returned to your control. If the fumigated hopper or rail car is transported under phosphine fumigation, arrangements must be made to have the car aerated at the receiving site.
PROFUME® offers effective, reliable stored product pest control that fits with operational needs. It’s packaged in cylinders as a liquid under pressure. PROFUME® is non-flammable, non-corrosive as a gas, odorless, and has a high vapor pressure. It quickly penetrates the fumigated area, is effective against a variety of stored product pests and dissipates rapidly during aeration. The active ingredient in PROFUME® gas fumigant is sulfuryl fluoride. Sulfuryl fluoride disrupts the glycolosis and citric acid cycles within cells throughout the insect body, depriving insects of the necessary energy for survival. It controls all life stages of target insects and, using Precision Fumigation™ techniques, is customized for each application situation.
Phosphine Fumigants: Magnesium Phosphide, Aluminum Phosphide, and Cylinderized Phosphine
Phosphine fumigants are packaged in solid and cylinderized formulations to match a variety of needs. The cylinderized form, ECO2FUME®, offers reduced disposal concerns which may occur with solid phosphine formulations. The solid phosphine fumigants have long been a fumigant of choice for rail transportation of bulk commodities and bin fumigations.
All phosphine fumigants can cause corrosion of precious metals and, therefore, are typically not advised for areas containing sensitive computer equipment or controls, or other sites where metal corrosion is of concern.
ECO2FUME® (Cylinderized Phosphine)
ECO2FUME® fumigant gas is a non-flammable, pre-mixed, cylinderized mixture of phosphine and carbon dioxide, which provides highly effective fumigation in both sealed and unsealed storage facilities. ECO2FUME® fumigant gas is a gaseous mixture of 2% phosphine (by weight) in carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is an excellent carrier for phosphine and diluting phosphine to this concentration ensures ECO2FUME® is nonflammable in all proportions with air. ECO2FUME® fumigant gas can be used in a wide variety of applications to attain insect-free and dust-free products. ECO2FUME® has the unique ability to allow fumigation of a variety of storage facilities. ECO2FUME® can be used to control a variety of stored product pests. In most cases, ECO2FUME® can be dispensed from outside the storage facility, enabling more effective concentration control with improved worker safety. ECO2FUME® is registered for a wide range of agricultural commodities, processed foods, non-food items in structures, and transportation equipment.
Magnesium Phosphide and Aluminum Phosphide (Solid Phosphine Products)
Magnesium and aluminum phosphide are solid phosphine fomulations. The material may be packaged as pellets, plates, or sachets. The phosphine gas is liberated when the solid fumigants are exposed to the moisture in the air. Typical exposure times can range from several days to weeks, depending on the type of formulation used, type of commodity, and commodity temperature. These products are labeled for a wide range of commodities and sites. They’re most often used for the fumigation of bulk commodities in bins, silos, or transportation equipment.
The use of the fumigant methyl bromide is an excellent choice in controlling pests in stored commodities, structures, or shipments that must meet agricultural quarantine regulations. Introduced in the 1930’s and still widely used today, methyl bromide has been the fumigant of choice for many due to its broad labeling, impressive penetration characteristics, and protection it provides to food products and packaging, while controlling mice, rats, and all life stages of insects, including eggs. Due to international phase-out of methyl bromide, there may be issues with availability based on reduced stocks and need for critical use or quarantine justification.
After the release of the fumigant, the interior areas are monitored remotely using read lines to facilitate gas samples which are converted to ounces using a Fumiscope monitoring device. This allows licensed fumigators to characterize gas concentrations throughout the structure to assist in determining if additional gas is required to obtain the necessary ounce per hour accumulations to kill all life stages of targeted pests. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) will require readings to be performed hourly to provide the fumigation team the most accurate information possible. Target CT values (Concentration X Time) are established to help ensure a positive outcome. The target value in some cases can be marginalized due to severe weather or winds, or if highly absorptive products are stored on site. In these situations, additional fumigant may be required.
McCloud Services’ fumigation program is an effective way to resolve your company’s pest infestations and is ideal for food plants, railroad cars, and other commercial structures and containers. At McCloud Services, we offer fumigation programs in Chicago and St. Louis, as well as throughout Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee. To learn more about our fumigation programs, please contact us.